Learn How To Installing Fork CMS on Fedora 28

September 7, 2019

Table of Contents

If you are using a different system, please check our other tutorials.

Fork is an open source CMS written in PHP. Fork’s source code is hosted on GitHub. This guide will show you how to install Fork CMS on a fresh Fedora 28 IT Web Services instance.


  • PHP 7.1 or higher.
  • MySQL 5.0 or higher.
  • Nginx or Apache 2.0 with .htaccess, mod rewrite, mod expires (optional but recommended) and mod deflate (optional) enabled.

Before you begin

Check the Fedora version.

cat /etc/fedora-release
# Fedora release 28 (Twenty Eight)

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it. Replace johndoe with your username.

useradd -c "John Doe" johndoe && passwd johndoe
usermod -aG wheel johndoe
su - johndoe

Set up the timezone.

timedatectl list-timezones
sudo timedatectl set-timezone 'Region/City'

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo dnf check-upgrade || sudo dnf upgrade -y

Install required and useful packages.

sudo dnf install -y wget vim unzip bash-completion

For simplicity, disable SELinux and Firewall.

sudo setenforce 0
sudo systemctl stop firewalld
sudo systemctl disable firewalld

Step 1 – Install PHP, required PHP extensions, Nginx and MySQL

Download and install PHP and required PHP extensions.

sudo dnf install -y php-cli php-fpm php-common php-mbstring php-gd php-intl php-mysqlnd php-xml php-json

Check the PHP version.

php --version
# PHP 7.2.6 (cli) (built: May 22 2018 16:22:08) ( NTS )
# Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
# Zend Engine v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies

Install Nginx.

sudo dnf install -y nginx

Check the Nginx version.

nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.12.1

Start and enable Nginx.

sudo systemctl enable nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service

Install MariaDB.

sudo dnf install -y mariadb-server

Check the MariaDB version.

mysql --version
# mysql  Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.2.15-MariaDB, for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1

Start and enable MariaDB.

sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service

Run the mysql_secure_installation script to improve the security of your MariaDB installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Log into MariaDB as the root user.

mysql -u root -p
# Enter password:

Create a new MariaDB database and user, and remember the credentials.

create database dbname;
grant all on dbname.* to 'username' identified by 'password';

Exit MySQL.


Step 2 – Configure Nginx

Run sudo vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/fork.conf and populate it with the following.

server {
  listen 80;
  root /var/www/fork;
  index index.php index.html;
  server_name example.com;
  location / {
    # Checks whether the requested url exists as a file $uri or directory $uri/ in the root, else redirect to /index.php.
    try_files $uri $uri/ @redirects;
  location @redirects {
    rewrite ^ /index.php;
  location ~ .php$ {
    try_files $uri =404;
    include fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock; # Make sure to doublecheck this!
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_read_timeout 60;
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(/.+)$;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
  # Don't pollute the logs with common requests
  location = /robots.txt  { access_log off; log_not_found off; }
  location = /favicon.ico { access_log off; log_not_found off; }
  # As Fork CMS has the app_root as doc_root, we need to restrict access to a few things for security purposes!
  location ~* ^/(composer..*|vendor/.*|Procfile$|.git/.*|src/Console.*|.*.gitignore|.editorconfig|.travis.yml|autoload.php|bower.json|phpunit.xml.dist|.*.md|app/logs/.*|app/config/.*|src/Frontend/Cache/CompiledTemplates.*|src/Frontend/Cache/Locale/.*.php|src/Frontend/Cache/Navigation/.*.php|src/Frontend/Cache/Search/.*|src/Backend/Cache/CompiledTemplates/.*|src/Backend/Cache/Locale/.*.php)$ {
    deny all;
    access_log off;
    log_not_found off;
  # Deny access to dot-files.
  location ~ /. {
    deny all;
    access_log off;
    log_not_found off;

A summary of the changes that you will be making are as follows.

  • Change the value of the root directive to point to the correct location of your website, such as /var/www/fork.
  • Change the value of the server_name directive to point to your domain name or IP address.
  • Make sure you check if fastcgi_pass is set correctly.

Test the Nginx configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload Nginx.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Step 3 – Download and install Composer

Download Composer dependencies.

sudo dnf install -y curl git unzip

Download and install Composer, the dependency manager for PHP.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"
php -r "if (hash_file('SHA384', 'composer-setup.php') === '544e09ee996cdf60ece3804abc52599c22b1f40f4323403c44d44fdfdd586475ca9813a858088ffbc1f233e9b180f061') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"
php composer-setup.php
php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"
sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Check the Composer version.

composer --version
# Composer version 1.6.5 2018-05-04 11:44:59

Step 4 – Download and install Fork CMS via Composer

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/fork

Change ownership of the /var/www/fork directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/fork

Download the latest stable release of Fork CMS from the command line.

cd /var/www/fork
composer create-project forkcms/forkcms .

Change ownership of the /var/www/fork directory to nginx.

sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/fork

Run sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf and set user and group to nginx.

sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
# user = nginx
# group = nginx

Restart php-fpm.service.

sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service

Edit the app/config/parameters.yml.dist file and set database information.

sudo vim /var/www/fork/app/config/parameters_install.yml

Create /var/lib/php/session directory and change its ownership to user nginx.

sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/php/session
sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/lib/php/session

Finally, using your preferred web browser, open your site and follow the Fork CMS installer. After following the installer, you will have a Fork instance up and running. To access the Fork admin area just append /private to your site URL.

Need help?

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