Table of Contents
- Install Apache
- Install PostgreSQL
- Install Ruby
- Install Passenger
- Install Redmine
- Configure Apache
- Securing Apache with Let’s Encrypt SSL
If you are using a different system, please check our other tutorials.
Redmine is a free and open source, web-based project management tool. It is written in Ruby on Rails and supports multiple database servers for storing the database. It is a feature-rich application supporting multiple projects, role based ACL and an issue-tracking system. It also has Gantt chart and calendar support, file management, per project wiki and forum, as well as many other features. It supports version control systems such as Git, SVN or CVS. It is also multilingual, supporting as many as 49 languages.
- An ITWeb.Services Ubuntu 16.04 server instance.
- A sudo user.
- A domain name pointed towards the server.
For this tutorial, we will use
192.168.1.1 as the public IP address and
redmine.example.com as the domain name pointed towards the IT Web Services instance. Please make sure to replace all occurrences of the example domain name and IP address with the actual one.
https://www.itweb.services/tutorials/linux-guides/how-to-update-centos-7-ubuntu-16-04-and-debian-8″>How to Update Ubuntu 16.04. Once your system has been updated, proceed to install the dependencies.
Redmine is written in Ruby on Rails, thus we will require Phusion Passenger to integrate with the Apache web server to serve the application.
sudo apt -y install apache2 apache2-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev
To build the Ruby and Passenger, we will need some development tools as well. Install the required tools.
sudo apt -y install imagemagick libmagickwand-dev git build-essential automake libgmp-dev
Redmine supports multiple types of database servers such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and MSSQL. In this tutorial, we will use PostgreSQL to host the Redmine database server.
PostgreSQL is an object-relational database system. The default Ubuntu repository contains an old version of PostgreSQL, so add the PostgreSQL repository to the system.
echo "deb http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt/ xenial-pgdg main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pgdg.list wget --quiet -O - https://www.postgresql.org/media/keys/ACCC4CF8.asc | sudo apt-key add - sudo apt update
Install the PostgreSQL database server.
sudo apt -y install postgresql
Start the PostgreSQL server and enable it to start automatically at boot time.
sudo systemctl start postgresql sudo systemctl enable postgresql
Change the password for the default PostgreSQL user.
sudo passwd postgres
Log in as the PostgreSQL user.
sudo su - postgres
Create a new PostgreSQL user for Redmine.
You are allowed to use any username instead of
redmine. PostgreSQL provides the
psql shell to run queries on the database. Switch to the PostgreSQL shell.
Set a password for the newly created user for the Redmine database.
ALTER USER redmine WITH ENCRYPTED password 'DBPassword';
DBPassword with a secure password. Create a new database for the Redmine installation.
CREATE DATABASE redmine WITH ENCODING='UTF8' OWNER=redmine;
Exit from the
Switch to the
Install a few more required PostgreSQL dependencies.
sudo apt -y install libpqxx-dev protobuf-compiler
We will install the latest version of Ruby using RVM. It is used to install and manage multiple versions of Ruby.
Add the RVM repository.
sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:rael-gc/rvm sudo apt update
sudo apt -y install rvm
As we need to install Ruby system wide, we will switch to the root user temporarily.
Update the environment variables.
echo "source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh" | tee -a /etc/profile source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh
Install the latest version of Ruby.
rvm install 2.5.1
Note: If you are using a different version of Ruby, make sure to update the Ruby path accordingly.
Use the installed version of Ruby.
rvm use 2.5.1 --default
You can verify its version.
You will see a similar output.
email@example.com:~# ruby -v ruby 2.5.1p57 (2018-03-29 revision 63029) [x86_64-linux]
bundler, which is the dependency manager for the Ruby application.
gem install bundler
Ruby is now installed. Before we install Redmine, we will need to install Phusion Passenger.
Run the following command to install Passenger.
gem install passenger
Install the Apache module for Passenger.
The installer script will ask you some questions. First, it will provide you information about the installation process. Then, it will ask you to select the language which you will be using. Since our application is written in Ruby on Rails, select Ruby from the menu and press ENTER to proceed further.
Which languages are you interested in? Use <space> to select. If the menu doesn't display correctly, press '!' ‣ ⬢ Ruby ⬢ Python ⬡ Node.js ⬡ Meteor
The installer will now check for requirements. The installer will not encounter any missing dependencies and will automatically proceed to compile and install the module.
Once the module is installed, it will prompt you to add the module to the Apache configuration file.
Almost there! Please edit your Apache configuration file, and add these lines: LoadModule passenger_module /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/gems/passenger-5.2.3/buildout/apache2/mod_passenger.so <IfModule mod_passenger.c> PassengerRoot /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/gems/passenger-5.2.3 PassengerDefaultRuby /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/wrappers/ruby </IfModule> After you restart Apache, you are ready to deploy any number of web applications on Apache, with a minimum amount of configuration! Press ENTER when you are done editing.
We will skip this for now and will complete it later in the tutorial. Press ENTER to skip this step.
Finally, the installer script will validate the installation and you will see a warning saying the Passenger module is not specified in Apache configuration.
Validating installation... * Checking whether this Passenger install is in PATH... ✓ * Checking whether there are no other Passenger installations... ✓ * Checking whether Apache is installed... ✓ * Checking whether the Passenger module is correctly configured in Apache... (!) You did not specify 'LoadModule passenger_module' in any of your Apache configuration files. Please paste the configuration snippet that this installer printed earlier, into one of your Apache configuration files, such as /etc/apache2/apache2.conf. Detected 0 error(s), 1 warning(s). Press ENTER to continue.
Now that we have installed the Passenger module for Apache, proceed to download and install Redmine. Switch to the
sudo user again since we do not need to run any more commands using
It is recommended to use an unprivileged user to run the application to keep it isolated from rest of the system. Create a new user for Redmine and switch to the newly created user.
sudo adduser --disabled-password --gecos "Redmine User" redmine sudo su - redmine
Download the latest version of Redmine from the official Redmine download page.
cd ~ wget http://www.redmine.org/releases/redmine-3.4.4.tar.gz
Extract the archive and rename the directory for the sake of convenience.
tar -xf redmine-*.tar.gz mv redmine-*/ redmine/
Copy the example configuration files to its production location.
cd redmine cp config/configuration.yml.example config/configuration.yml cp config/database.yml.example config/database.yml
Open the database configuration file we just copied to enter the database details.
By default, the database file is configured for MySQL. Find the configurations for production and development, and test which uses the MySQL adapter. Comment out all of these lines.
#production: # adapter: mysql2 # database: redmine # host: localhost # username: root # password: "" # encoding: utf8 #development: # adapter: mysql2 # database: redmine_development # host: localhost # username: root # password: "" # encoding: utf8 #test: # adapter: mysql2 # database: redmine_test # host: localhost # username: root # password: "" # encoding: utf8
Furthur, find the lines which are commented, having
production configuration for the
postgresql adapter. Uncomment those lines and update the database name and user credentials. Make sure to use the correct indentation, which is two spaces.
production: adapter: postgresql database: redmine host: localhost username: redmine password: "DBPassword"
Configure the application to use the PostgreSQL configuration.
bundle config build.pg --with-pg-config=/usr/bin/pg_config
Install the dependencies required by the application.
bundle install --path vendor/bundle --without development test
You will see the following message at the end of the installation.
Installing roadie-rails 1.1.1 Bundle complete! 31 Gemfile dependencies, 55 gems now installed. Gems in the groups development and test were not installed. Bundled gems are installed into `./vendor/bundle`
The following command generates secret tokens that are used to encode the session data.
bundle exec rake generate_secret_token
Write the PostgreSQL database.
RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake db:migrate
Run the following command, which writes the default data into PostgreSQL database.
RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake redmine:load_default_data
The above command will ask you to choose the default language to be used with the application. The default choice is English; choose according to your preference.
[firstname.lastname@example.org redmine]$ RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake redmine:load_default_data Select language: ar, az, bg, bs, ca, cs, da, de, el, en, en-GB, es, es-PA, et, eu, fa, fi, fr, gl, he, hr, hu, id, it, ja, ko, lt, lv, mk, mn, nl, no, pl, pt, pt-BR, ro, ru, sk, sl, sq, sr, sr-YU, sv, th, tr, uk, vi, zh, zh-TW [en] ==================================== Default configuration data loaded.
Installation of the Redmine application is now finished. Change ownership and permissions of the directories and files.
mkdir -p tmp tmp/pdf public/plugin_assets chown -R redmine:redmine files log tmp public/plugin_assets chmod -R 755 files log tmp public/plugin_assets
We have configured everything we need from the non-privileged user. Switch back to the
sudo user by running
su - <username>.
Add the Passenger module for Apache into the Apache configuration file. This will automatically load the Passenger module.
echo "LoadModule passenger_module /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/gems/passenger-5.2.3/buildout/apache2/mod_passenger.so" | sudo tee -a /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
Note: The path to the Passenger module may change when there is a new release of Passenger. To find the path to the module, use the
sudo find / -name mod_passenger.so command.
Create a new virtual host file for your Redmine application.
sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/redmine.conf
Populate the file with the following content.
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName redmine.example.com DocumentRoot /home/redmine/redmine/public PassengerRoot /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/gems/passenger-5.2.3 PassengerDefaultRuby /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/wrappers/ruby PassengerUser redmine <Directory /home/redmine/redmine/public> Allow from all Options -MultiViews Require all granted </Directory> </VirtualHost>
Make sure to replace
redmine.example.com with your actual domain name. Also, make sure that the path to the
PassengerDefaultRuby are correct. The path to the binaries may change when there is a new release of Ruby or Passenger. To find these paths, run the following command.
passenger-config about ruby-command
You will get following output.
email@example.com:~$ passenger-config about ruby-command passenger-config was invoked through the following Ruby interpreter: Command: /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/wrappers/ruby Version: ruby 2.5.1p57 (2018-03-29 revision 63029) [x86_64-linux] To use in Apache: PassengerRuby /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/wrappers/ruby To use in Nginx : passenger_ruby /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/wrappers/ruby To use with Standalone: /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/wrappers/ruby /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/gems/passenger-5.2.3/bin/passenger start ## Notes for RVM users Do you want to know which command to use for a different Ruby interpreter? 'rvm use' that Ruby interpreter, then re-run 'passenger-config about ruby-command'.
Once the Virtual host file is created. Activate the configuration.
sudo a2ensite redmine
Restart the Apache web server.
sudo systemctl restart apache2
You can now access your Redmine interface on
http://redmine.example.com. Login with the username
admin, and the password
admin. On your first login, Redmine will prompt you to update the password.
Securing Apache with Let’s Encrypt SSL
Since our Redmine installation is on a public facing server, it is recommended to use SSL to secure the exchange of the data from the server.
Add the Certbot repository.
sudo add-apt-repository --yes ppa:certbot/certbot sudo apt-get update
Install Certbot, which is the client application for Let’s Encrypt CA.
sudo apt -y install certbot
Note: To obtain certificates from Let’s Encrypt CA, the domain for which the certificates are to be generated must be pointed towards the server. If not, make the necessary changes to the DNS records of the domain and wait for the DNS to propagate before making the certificate request again. Certbot checks the domain authority before providing the certificates.
Generate the SSL certificates.
sudo certbot certonly --webroot -w /home/redmine/redmine/public -d redmine.example.com
The generated certificates are likely to be stored in
/etc/letsencrypt/live/redmine.example.com/. The SSL certificate will be stored as
cert.pem and private key will be stored as
Let’s Encrypt certificates expire in 90 days, hence it is recommended to set up auto-renewal of the certificates using Cron jobs.
Open the Cron job file for the
sudo crontab -e
Add the following line at the end of the file.
30 5 * * * /usr/bin/certbot renew --quiet
The above Cron job will run every day at 5:30 AM. If the certificate is due for expiration, it will automatically be renewed.
Enable the SSL module for Apache.
sudo a2enmod ssl
Edit the virtual host file we created earlier for Redmine.
sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/redmine.conf
Modify the Virtual host file to be similar to the following.
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName redmine.example.com Redirect permanent / https://redmine.example.com/ </VirtualHost> <VirtualHost *:443> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org ServerName redmine.example.com DocumentRoot "/home/redmine/redmine/public" <Directory "/home/redmine/redmine/public"> Options None Require all granted </Directory> PassengerAppEnv production PassengerRoot /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/gems/passenger-5.2.3 PassengerDefaultRuby /usr/share/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1/wrappers/ruby PassengerUser redmine PassengerHighPerformance on SSLEngine on SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/redmine.example.com/cert.pem SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/redmine.example.com/privkey.pem SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/redmine.example.com/chain.pem SSLProtocol all -SSLv2 -SSLv3 SSLHonorCipherOrder on SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:ECDHE-ECDSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:EDH-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:AES128-GCM-SHA256:AES256-GCM-SHA384:AES128-SHA256:AES256-SHA256:AES128-SHA:AES256-SHA:DES-CBC3-SHA:!DSS <IfModule headers_module> Header always edit Set-Cookie ^(.*)$ $1;HttpOnly;Secure Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains" </IfModule> </VirtualHost>
Save the file and exit from the editor.
Restart Apache so that the changes can take effect.
sudo systemctl restart apache2
You can now access Redmine over
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Redmine on your Ubuntu 16.04 instance. Start developing your project either by creating or importing your project.
Do you need help setting up this on your own service?
Please contact us and we’ll provide you the best possible quote!