Learn How To Install PyroCMS on Ubuntu 16.04

February 4, 2019

Table of Contents

If you are using a different system, please check our other tutorials.

PyroCMS is an open source CMS written in PHP. PyroCMS source code is hosted on GitHub. In this guide we’ll walk through the entire PyroCMS installation process on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS IT Web Services instance.


Before you can install PyroCMS on a server, there are a few requirements that need to be met.

  • 1GB of RAM
  • LEMP/LAMP stack
  • PHP >= 7.0
  • PDO PHP Extension
  • cURL PHP Extension
  • SQLite PHP Extension
  • OpenSSL PHP Extension
  • Mbstring PHP Extension
  • Fileinfo PHP Extension
  • Tokenizer PHP Extension
  • GD Library (>=2.0) or Imagick PHP extension (>=6.5.7)

Check Ubuntu version.

lsb_release -ds
# Ubuntu 16.04.3 LTS

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

adduser johndoe --gecos "John Doe"
usermod -aG sudo johndoe
su - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Set up the timezone.

sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Install PHP and required extensions

Download and install PHP 7.0 and required PHP extensions.

sudo apt install -y php7.0 php7.0-cli php7.0-fpm php7.0-mysql php7.0-curl php7.0-sqlite3 php7.0-mbstring php7.0-gd php7.0-dom

Check PHP version.

php --version
# PHP 7.0.22-0ubuntu0.16.04.1 (cli) ( NTS )
# Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group
# Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies
#     with Zend OPcache v7.0.22-0ubuntu0.16.04.1, Copyright (c) 1999-2017, by Zend Technologies

Install MySQL

Download and install MySQL.

sudo apt install -y mysql-server

Check MySQL version.

mysql --version
# mysql  Ver 14.14 Distrib 5.7.20, for Linux (x86_64) using  EditLine wrapper

Run the mysql_secure_installation script to improve the security of your MySQL installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation
# Securing the MySQL server deployment.
# Enter password for user root: ********* 
# Would you like to setup VALIDATE PASSWORD plugin? N
# Change the password for root ? N
# Remove anonymous users? Y
# Disallow root login remotely? Y
# Remove test database and access to it? Y
# Reload privilege tables now? Y
# Success.
# All done!

Log in to MySQL as the root user.

mysql -u root -p
# Enter password:

Create a new MySQL database and user, and remember the credentials.

create database dbname;
grant all on dbname.* to 'username' identified by 'password';

Exit MySQL.


Install NGINX

Install NGINX.

sudo apt install -y nginx

Check NGINX version.

sudo nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.10.3 (Ubuntu)

Configure NGINX as a FastCGI proxy. Run sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/pyro.conf and paste the following text.

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name example.com; # Check this
  root /var/www/pyro/public; # Check this
  index index.php index.html;
  charset utf-8;
  location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
  location ~ .php$ {
    fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock; # Check this
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include fastcgi_params;

NOTE: Make sure to point the web root to Pyro’s public directory.

Activate the new pyro.conf configuration by linking the file to the sites-enabled directory.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/pyro.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

Test the NGINX configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload NGINX.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Download and install Composer

Download Composer dependencies.

sudo apt install -y curl git unzip

Download and install Composer, the dependency manager for PHP.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"
php -r "if (hash_file('SHA384', 'composer-setup.php') === '544e09ee996cdf60ece3804abc52599c22b1f40f4323403c44d44fdfdd586475ca9813a858088ffbc1f233e9b180f061') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"
php composer-setup.php
php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"
sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Check Composer version.

composer --version
# Composer version 1.5.6 2017-12-18 12:09:18

Download and install PyroCMS via Composer

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/pyro

Change ownership of the /var/www/pyro directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/pyro

Download the latest stable release of PyroCMS from the command line.

cd /var/www/pyro
composer create-project pyrocms/pyrocms .

NOTE: You may run out of memory when installing Pyro via Composer. It may be wise to stop Nginx, PHP-FPM and MySQL servers with sudo systemctl stop nginx.service php7.0-fpm.service mysql.service to save on memory usage and start them again after this step.

Change ownership of the /var/www/pyro directory to www-data.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/pyro

Using your preferred web browser, open your site and follow the PyroCMS installer. After following the installer you will have PyroCMS up and running. To access the PyroCMS admin area just append /admin to your site URL.

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