How To Install LEMP Stack on Debian 8 Jessie (Nginx, MariaDB, PHP7)

February 14, 2020

LEMP stands for Linux, Nginx (Pronounced Egnine X), MySQL/MariaDB and PHP. It enables a server to host dynamic website and web apps. In this tutorial I will show you how to install LEMP stack on Debian 8 Jessie. I choose to install MariaDB as the database server instead of MySQL and install PHP7.

Step-1 Install Nginx

Nginx is a lightweight and fast web server compared to Apache and becomes more and more popular these days. It can also be used as a reverse proxy. To install Nginx on Debian 8, enter the following command in terminal:

$ sudo apt-get install nginx -y

Once installed, Nginx should be running.

$ sudo service nginx status
[ ok ] nginx is running.

Check Nginx version

$ nginx -v
nginx version: nginx/1.6.2

Type your server IP address in your web browser, if you see the following text, then Nginx is correctly installed.

Nginx on Debian

You can check your public IP by using the following command

$ curl

You can also use curl on your sever to fetch the HTTP header

user@www:~$ curl -I localhost
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/1.6.2
Date: Mon, 25 Jan 2016 16:33:28 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 867
Last-Modified: Mon, 25 Jan 2016 16:20:36 GMT
Connection: keep-alive
ETag: "56a64b54-363"
Accept-Ranges: bytes

As you can see, Nginx returns 200 response code indicating Nginx is running correctly.

Install MariaDB

MariaDB is a drop-in relpacement for MySQL. Install it using following commmand:

sudo apt-get install -y mariadb-server mariadb-client

During the installation process, it will ask you to set a password for Mariadb root user. Enter a good password and hit enter. MariaDB root user should not be confused with Debian system root user.

set mariadb root password

Repeat your password and hit enter.

set mariadb root password

Check MariaDB version

$ mysql --version
mysql Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.0.22-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu (x86_64) using readline 5.2

Now run the security script

$ sudo mysql_secure_installation

Enter MariaDB root password. When it asks if you want to change root password, press n key. Then you can simply press enter to answer all of other questions.

MariaDB installation is complete.

Install PHP7

Put the following text in /etc/apt/sources.list file to add repository.

deb jessie all
deb-src jessie all

Fetch and install the GnuPG key

$ wget
$ sudo apt-key add dotdeb.gpg

Update local package index and install PHP7.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install php7.0-fpm php7.0-mysql php7.0-common php7.0-gd php7.0-json php7.0-cli php7.0-curl php7.0-xml php7.0-zip php7.0-mbstring

Configure PHP7

Edit the main php-fpm config file:

sudo vi /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini

Find the following line:


remove the preceeding semicolon and set it’s value to 0


Save and close the file. Restart php-fpm

sudo service php7.0-fpm restart

Configure Nginx Virtual Host

Create a new virtual host file under /etc/nginx/sites-available directory:

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/yourdomain.conf

Add the following lines to it.

server {
  listen 80;
  root /var/www/html;
  index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
  location / {
     try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
  error_page 404 /404.html;
  error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
  location = /50x.html {
     root /var/www/html;
  location ~ .php$ {
    try_files $uri =404;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include fastcgi_params;

Replace with your actual domain name. Save and close the file. Create the soft link:

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/yourdomain.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/yourdomain.conf

Then test Nginx configuration

user@www:$  sudo nginx -t
 nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
 nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

Reload Nginx configuration

$ sudo service nginx reload

Give full permission of /var/www/html to www-data user.

sudo chown www-data:www-data /var/www/* -R

Test PHP

Create a info.php file in the web root directory:

$ sudo vi /var/www/html/info.php

Put the following text inot info.php file.


Save and close the file. Now in your browser’s address bar, type the following text:

Replace with your actual domain name.

If you can see something like this, then your PHP is working correctly.

test php

Make sure you have set a correct A record for your domain name.

The info.php file is for testing only. For security reassons you can now remove it. Now you have successfuly install LEMP stack (Nginx, Mariadb, PHP7-FPM) on Debian 8 Jessie.

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